Wines of Lebanon

Like Israel, Lebanon is one of the oldest vineyards in the world. It is believed that the vine was planted there more than 6000 years before Christ, for the production of wine. The arrival of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century will hamper the development of wine production in Lebanon, which will be banned until the end of the 19th...
Like Israel, Lebanon is one of the oldest vineyards in the world. It is believed that the vine was planted there more than 6000 years before Christ, for the production of wine. The arrival of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century will hamper the development of wine production in Lebanon, which will be banned until the end of the 19th century. The wine trade was not really developed until the end of the civil war in 1990. The grape varieties used for winemaking are numerous, but the main ones are known for their high quality. Thus, Lebanon wines come from Merlot, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache noir, and Tempranillo (the main Spanish grape variety). The region of Lebanon best known for the high quality of its wines is the Bekaa Valley, the historic cradle of vineyards and wine. Arid lands and climatic conditions are ideal for the production of full-bodied and well-built red wines. The altitude permits variations in temperature between the day and night necessary for the good maturity of the grapes. The wines are generally well balanced. Today, nearly 40 producers, including the Domaine de Baal in Biodynamics, produce powerful wines, typical of Mediterranean wines. Production is exported by about 30%.
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